The Massachusetts Bay Colony was a colony located near modern-day Boston and Salem Massachusetts. In 1629 the Massachusetts Bay Company had obtained from King Charles I a charter empowering the company to trade and colonize in New England between the Charles and Merrimack rivers. A number decided to settle in what became Mass Bay Colony. The General Court was made into a bicameral assembly in 1644. She was preaching in a manner that proved unseemly to the colony's leaders and was tried in civil and ecclesiastical courts, which culminated in her excommunication on March 22, 1638. 17. Only church members could be part of the General Court. The siege eventually ended when the British evacuated in March 1776. It reached Salem, Massachusetts, on June 12th. Omissions? Massachusetts Bay Colony was formed in 1630 by John Winthrop as a safe haven for English Puritan families. The grant empowering the group to create a colony in Massachusetts was granted by King Charles I to the Massachusetts Bay Company. Bottom line, the earliest settlements were the Puritans in the Plymouth Colony in 1620. Some of the Massachusetts Bay Indigenous converts supported the colonial militia as scouts and were crucial to the eventual colonial victory in 1678. The Massachusetts Bay Colony (1628–1691), more formally The Colony of Massachusetts Bay, was an English settlement on the east coast of America around the Massachusetts Bay, the northernmost of the several colonies later reorganized as the Province of Massachusetts Bay. The Puritans established the colony of Massachusetts Bay in 1630. Settled by English colonists in 1630, the colony was centered in Boston and Salem and represented the area that blossomed into the state of Massachusetts. The Puritans established the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630. They hoped to purify the Church of England, and then return to Europe with a new and improved religion. By a shrewd and legally questionable move, however, the patentees decided to transfer the management and the charter itself to Massachusetts. She went on to settle in Rhode Island and died a few years later near Westchester, New York. Plymouth Colony is also known by two other names: New Plymouth and Plymouth Bay Colony. It was founded by the investors of the Massachusetts Bay Company and its colonists were mainly puritans. Within a short time, Winthrop and his group had moved, at the invitation of Winthrop's college friend William Blackstone, to a new location on a nearby peninsula. The colonists made their living through farming, fishing, and trade. But beginning with the efforts of John Eliot (1604–1690), missionaries in the colony worked to convert the local Indigenous peoples into Puritan Christians. Though Winthrop's Fleet landed at Salem, they did not stay; the tiny settlement simply couldn't support hundreds of additional settlers. During the first decade of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, several political crises occurred, unfolding simultaneously, concerning the way religion was practiced in the colony. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). In 1630 a group of people called Puritans left England for North America. In the earliest days of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, the Puritans carried out a war of extermination against the Pequots in 1637, and a war of attrition against the Narragansetts. The colony was first named "Roodt Eylandt" by Dutch trader Adriaen Block (1567–1627), who had explored that area for the Netherlands. The charter of 1691 merged the Plymouth colony and Maine into the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Updates? Boston was made the capital in 1632. Historian Jonathan Beecher Field has pointed out that what happened to Hutchinson is similar to other exiles and departures in the early days of the colony. In addition, Puritans believed that churchgoers should read the Bible for themselves, and thus the education of children was required. Massachusetts Bay Colony was settled in 1630 by a group of Puritans from England under the leadership of Governor John Winthrop. In 1630, they renamed their settlement Boston after the town they had left in England. In December 1773, Boston was the site of the famous Boston Tea Party in reaction to the Tea Act that had been passed by the British. The company was founded by English Puritans, most of whom were educated and wealthy. Colony on the Bay: The Massachusetts Bay Colony was established in 1630 and was one of the first English settlements in the New World. The colony of Rhode Island was founded between 1636 and 1642 by five separate and combative groups, most of whom had been expelled or left the Massachusetts Bay colony for disputative reasons. the exact date i'm not really sure. Why was Massachusetts Bay Colony founded? The Puritans – Massachusetts Bay Colony. The Government of Plymouth Colony The government of Plymouth Colony originally ran as a charter government, even though they didn’t officially have a charter from the British government. Eventually Massachusetts Bay Colony and Plymouth colony joined to become Massachusetts. … Social Studies. Plymouth has a specific role in the History of America. Today, Plymouth colony forms the southeastern part of the State of Massachusetts. He wanted to start a colony where the government had more power He was forced out by native Americans He . The settlement they started in America was called the Massachusetts Bay Colony . It was founded by non-conformists for the purpose of enjoying greater religious liberty. After this, the colonists laid siege to Boston, which the British troops held. Plymouth colony was invaded and occupied by Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1691. A group of English people wanted to establish a colony in 1607 at Northern Virginia region. Many good republicans detected…, …Cavalier; Puritan ideas prevailed in Massachusetts. By the mid-1640s Massachusetts Bay Colony had grown to more than 20,000 inhabitants. While they emigrated to the New World to be able to freely practice their religion, they did not espouse freedom of religion for other settlers. The colony first settled in New Plymouth, a place discovered and named by Captain John Smith (and is now a place in Massachusetts called Plymouth). Questions and answers about the Massachusetts Bay Colony. The grant empowering the group to create a colony in Massachusetts was granted by King Charles I to the Massachusetts Bay Company. The Massachusetts Colony was founded in 1630, and existed until 1776 when it joined in the fight for independence against Great Britain. Colony As more people moved in, tensions between the Indian tribes and the colonials turned to violence. Only those who could testify to a “work of grace” in their lives were permitted to choose the governor and the members of the lawmaking council, and those whose religious beliefs did not conform to the Puritans' were expelled. The settlers were discouraged and came back to England. In 1629 King Charles I of England granted the Massachusetts Bay Company a charter to trade in and colonize the part of New England that lay approximately between the Charles and Merrimack Rivers, and settlement began in 1630. However, by 1677, the converts who had not been killed, sold into enslavement, or driven northward, found themselves restricted to praying towns that were essentially reservations for people reduced to live as servants and tenant farmers. Winthrop himself sailed aboard the Arbella. In 1632, Boston was made the capital of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. In the 1600’s, two colonies were establishing themselves on the east coast of North America. The colony never became as economically successful as the nearby Massachusetts Bay Colony and was later merged with the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1691. One of those is known as the "Antinomian Crisis" which resulted in the departure of Anne Hutchinson (1591–1643) from Massachusetts Bay. Anti-Federalists also expressed fears—here touches of class conflict certainly arose—that the new government would fall into the hands of merchants and men of money. The Puritans had left England because they didn’t agree with the Church of England and they wanted to practice their own faith. In summary, the Massachusetts Bay Colony was founded for religious and political freedom, economic investment, and the promotion of education. 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