Naturally social system occupies a central position in making the teaching impressive and successful in relation to the previously selected objectives. M. Ed, Ph.D. Former Principal, K.L.D.A.V. But teachers fill a complex set of roles, which vary from one society to another and from one educational level to another. 3-      Eliciting effect- The learner receives from a model merely a cue for realising a response. They first specify the teaching or learning outcomes in behavioral terms and then lay down a step by step procedure for the attainment of these outcomes. To develop inductive reasoning, mental inductive process, and understanding of concepts and principles. Teaching models assist teachers to develop their capacities to create conductive environment for teaching, as its nature is practical. Hence, teachers formulate different models of teaching under the influence of the philosophy they believe. c- Specification of criterion of Performance-It specify the criterion of Performance  which is accepted by the students The behavioural outcome which the learner would demonstrate after completing specific instructional sequences are delineated in the teaching models. B- The Impression model of teaching (John Locke).-It is based on a general assumption the the child’s brain is like a clean slate at the time of birth. Some models centre on delivery by the instructor while others develop as the learners respond to tasks and the student is regarded as a partner in the educational enterprise. The most comprehensive review of teaching models is that of Joyce and Weil (1980). KAIRARANGA – VOLUME 7, ISSUE : 006 ABSTRACT The.Ministry.of.Education. These impressions are termed as learning. b- Specification of operation- It specifies the mechanism that provides for the reaction of students and interaction with the environment. Blended Learning. In lectures, visual media, such as overheads, slides, handouts and blackboard diagrams were used to assist in explanation or clarification where appropriate. Finally, results showed that there are no significant differences among school teachers in perceiving the proposed characteristics of effective professional development and in perceiving the most and the least effective professional development models that are attributed to their gender, years of experience in teaching, and school level. Key Characteristics of Waldorf education The International Forum for Steiner Waldorf Education (IF) at its meetings in Vienna/Austria on 17 May 2015 and in Arles/France on 7 May 2016 revised and re-adopted the document “Key characteristics of Waldorf education” – … Models of teaching are some sort of pattern or plans prepared in advance for the success of the teaching-learning process. Thus it provide a cue eliciting a response neither new nor inhibited. To develop understanding of research methodology, to think logically on social problems. ‘Support’ refers to additional requirements beyond the usual human skills, capacities and technical facilities. Which model of instruction is most common in the United States? Models of teaching are some sort of pattern or plans prepared in advance for the success of the teaching learning process. Planning, organisation and interaction of teaching is performed under specific rules. The term "Model" carries different meaning in our day-to-day life. Syntax includes the sequences of steps involved in the organization of the complete programmed of teaching. Whatever experiences are provided through teaching, creates impression on child’s brain. They are the indirect effects of the model. The eliciting effect takes place when through modelling; a teacher tries to teach students to get up when he enters the room. These four families are : Within the families, there are specific models which are designed to serve particular purposes. Mrs Sudha Rani Maheshwari, M.Sc (Zoology), B.Ed. It helps in making the teaching more effective. Weaving educational threads. Teaching strategies are incorporated within each of the models.For instance,questioning Principles of Reaction tell the teacher how to regard the learner and to respond to what the learner does. B- Nurturant effects are those which are implicit in the learning environment. Philosophical teaching models: Israel Saffer had mentioned such types of models. Brief Review of The Personal Source Models. The synetics mode of teaching owes its origin to William JJ Gordon (1968). Effective teachers will … They are concerned with the ability of the learner to observe, organise data, understand information, form concepts, employ verbal and nonverbal symbols and solve problems. The objective of rule model is to devlop the logical reasoning capacities of the student. Initially this method was used to developed creativity groups within industrial organization. To help students develop plans for increasing their competence. In it, the teaching activities and interactions between a pupil and the teacher are determined .The syntax of any teaching model means those points which produce activities focused on educational objectives at various phases. Provides clear explanations. Every model is developed by keeping in view its focal point or objective . As we helps students acquire information ideas skills, values, ways of thinking, and means of expressing themselves, we are also teaching them how to learn . It means the additional requirements beyond the usual human skill, capacities and technical facilities. The cognitive development model is the outcome of the philosophy and views expressed by Jean Piaget, a Swiss psychologist, about the pattern of cognitive or intellectual development of the children right from the period of their birth. 2- Psychological model of teaching: John P. Dececco had mentioned such types of models. C- The Rule model ( Kant)-In this model much importance is given to the logic. Models of Teaching are designed for specific purposes-the teaching of information concepts, ways of thinking, the study of social values and so on-by asking students to engage in particular cognitive and social tasks. Mental processes and language both work together. To develop individual competencies and mutual relations. Directinstruction is a teacher-centered model in which students learn from presentations or demonstrations by the teacher. To develop creative competencies for problem solving. In this model the behaviour of student and teacher is analysed. It is a way to talk and think about instruction in which certain facts may be organized, classified and interpreted. The models of this type are concerned with the intellectual development of the individual and help to develop the method of processing information from the environment. The knowledge can not be provided merely by speaking the words or listening them. Give specific instructional design for particular type of instruction in specified teaching-learning situation. Through modelling the teacher lets the student know that it is not permissible of obscene nature in art book. An interaction between a teacher and the student is more emphasised in this model. Teaching models encourages this art by providing learning environment. The performances of the student are evaluated. Save the energy, time and efforts of the teacher and the learners besides providing economy  to the best utilization of the other teaching learning resources. Philosophical commentary on issues of today, Obsession- an unwanted thought viewed as meaningful, important, and dangerous, Philosophies of Education-A critical evaluation, Mathematics Laboratory and it’s Application in mathematics Teaching, Super- conscious Experience- The How Aspect, The Wardha Scheme of Education –GANDHI JI POINT OF VIEW. We look out the model of Taj Mahal and find it an exact replica of the original. These include. In India the first National project on models of teaching was planned, designed and executed during 1985-86. Hence the main aim of models … Provide systematic procedure and organized efforts for the desirable modification of the behavior of the learners. .According to  N.K.Jangira and Azit Singh (1983): “A model of teaching is a set of inter-related components arranged in a sequence which provides guidelines to realize specific goal. It helps in designing instructional activities and environmental facilities, carrying out of these activities and realization of the stipulated objectives.”. The development of general intellectual skills such as the ability to reason and think more logically. LITERATURE REVIEW -Meaning of Supervision in education -Models of Supervision Meaning of Supervision Contemporary writers have slightly different concepts about what supervision means. Reflecting on actions changes their mental models, in particular changing assessment of effectiveness and efficiency. Any teaching model is developed by keeping this focal point in mind.  Every teaching model differs from another in terms of its objectives. A good number should be capable of taking into account new formulations without having any significant change in its frame. Modelling effect can be seen when a teacher demonstrates to a student how to hold a pencil or write capital A and thus shows a new behaviour. Accordingly alternative teaching plan is presented. In some models the teacher has a dominant role to play. Gagne feels that learning through imitation seems to be more appropriate for tasks which are a little cognitive in nature. It includes. Blended learning is a learning model that combines digital and face-to-face learning experiences. Some particular rules are followed. According to this model the knowledge can not be provided merely through the expression of sence organs, but the knowlnd principles of language are most important.edge of the content is also a necessity. To develop individual competencies to achieve the social objective. It is related with the  interactive roles and relationship between the teacher and the student, and the kinds of norms that are observed and student behaviour which is rewarded. . They suggest the ways and techniques of creating a favorable environmental condition for carrying out the teaching process. The laboratory Method Model as claimed by Well and Joyce (1978) has been developed by Bethel and Maine while working in the National Training Laboratory, USA. These are based on the following specifications: a-Specification of Environment- It specifies in definite terms the environmental conditions under which a student’s response should be observed. 2) Teaching aids are meaningful and they always stand to serve a useful purpose. In this element computer teaching plan is selected according to the entering behaviour and instructional objectives. 20 Observable Characteristics Of Effective Teaching. To develop skills to human relations, and. 8-     Practice and Concentration- The development of a teaching model is based on regular and continuous practice and concentration. Bruce Joyce and Marsha Weil describe a Model of Teaching as a plan or pattern that can be used to shape curricula, to design instructional materials and to guide instruction in the classroom and other settings. According to Joyce and Weil, Each model results in two types of effects Instructional and Nurturant. Teacher role models motivate, inspire, and form strong relationships with their students. Characteristics of Good Teaching Aids A few characteristics of good teaching aids are as follows :-1) Teaching aids are large enough to be seen by the students for whom they are used. 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